联合国贸易发展委员会-二十国集团投资措施第二十九次报告(英)-2023.7-27页.pdf

2023-07-20 00:38
联合国贸易发展委员会-二十国集团投资措施第二十九次报告(英)-2023.7-27页.pdf

14July2023Twenty-ninthReportonG20InvestmentMeasures1WhentheGlobalFinancialCrisisbrokeoutin2008,G20memberscommittedtorefrainfromintroducingnewbarrierstoinvestmentandtrade.2TheycomplementedthiscommitmentbyarequestthatWTO,OECDandUNCTADmonitorandreportpubliclyontheirnewtradeandinvestmentpolicymeasures.Sofar,28reportshavebeenissuedunderthismandate.3Twomoreglobalcrises–theCOVID-19pandemicandthewarinUkraine–havesinceprolongedthestrainontheglobaleconomyandhaveshapedinvestmentpolicymakinginG20membersandbeyond.WhilethedirecteconomicimpactoftheCOVIDpandemiconinvestmentpolicyinG20membershassubsided,theoveralleconomicenvironmentremainschallenging,andconcernsaboutthesecurityimplicationsofFDIcontinueshapingpolicymakinginG20members.SeveralG20membersmaintainandkeepexpandingselectiverestrictionsoninternationalinvestmentandcapitalflowsinthecontextofthewarinUkraine.Theserestrictionsdonotconstituteadeviationfromtheoverallstancevis-à-visinternationalinvestment.Toenhancetransparencyaboutthesemeasures,thiseditionagainlistsmeasuresthathavebeentakeninresponsetothewarinUkrainesinceOctober2022.TheyareincludedinseparateAnnexes3and4tounderscoretheirdifferingandpotentiallytemporarynature.1ThisreportoninvestmentmeasuresisissuedundertheresponsibilityoftheSecretary-GeneraloftheOECDandtheSecretary-GeneralofUNCTAD.IthasnolegaleffectontherightsandobligationsofmemberStatesoftheOECDorUNCTAD.Nothinginthisreportimpliesanyjudgment,eitherdirectorindirect,astotheconsistencyofanymeasurereferredtointhereportwiththeprovisionsofanyOECDorUNCTADagreementoranyprovisionsthereof.Asinpreviousreports,thisdocumentdistinguishesbetweenmeasuresrelatedtoforeigndirectinvestment(preparedjointlybytheOECDandUNCTAD)andmeasuresrelatedtootherinternationalcapitalflows(preparedsolelybytheOECD).Asthepreceding27thand28threport,thisreportcontainsannexesthatlistmeasuresaffectingFDIadoptedbyG20membersinthecontextofthewarinUkraine.2G20Leaders“DeclarationoftheSummitonFinancialMarketsandtheWorldEconomy”,Washington,15November2008.3EarlierreportsoninvestmentmeasuresbyOECDandUNCTADtoG20LeadersareavailableonthewebsitesoftheOECDandUNCTAD.2ThereportasawholedocumentsmeasuresthatG20governmentshavetakenbetween16October2022to15May2023.Asallpreviousreportsinthisseries,itwasjointlypreparedbytheOECDandUNCTADSecretariats.I.DevelopmentofForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)flowsGlobalFDIfellbackin2022,afterplummetingin2020andreboundingin2021.FluctuationsinmajorconduiteconomiesaswellasasinglelargetransactioninLuxembourgalsocontributedtoshapingFDItotals.4LowerequityinflowscontributedtothedeclineofFDIinG20economies,althoughtheywerepartlyoffsetbyanincreaseinreinvestedearning(Figure1),particularlyinOECDcountries.Germany,theRussianFederationandtheUnitedStatessawlargedeclinesintotalFDIinflows.However,flowstomostotherG20countriesremainedstableorincreased.Australia,inparticular,experiencedarecord-highincreaseinFDI,reflectingintensifiedM&Aactivityinthefirstquarterof2022.Brazilalsoreachedaten-yearrecordhighinFDIinflows,duetoincreasedreinvestedearnings.Intr

点击免费阅读完整报告
© 2017-2023 上海俟德教育科技有限公司
沪ICP备17027418号-1 | 增值电信业务经营许可证:沪B2-20210551
回顶部
报告群
公众号
小程序
APP
在线客服
收起