世界银行-新冠肺炎对坦桑尼亚达累斯萨拉姆女性性工作者的影响:混合方法分析(英)-2023.9-18页.pdf

2023-10-20 22:13
世界银行-新冠肺炎对坦桑尼亚达累斯萨拉姆女性性工作者的影响:混合方法分析(英)-2023.9-18页.pdf

PolicyResearchWorkingPaper10572InfluenceofCOVID-19onFemaleSexWorkersinDaresSalaam,TanzaniaAMixed-MethodsAnalysisMariannaBalampamaDamiendeWalqueWilliamH.DowRebeccaHémonoDevelopmentEconomicsDevelopmentResearchGroupSeptember2023PublicDisclosureAuthorizedPublicDisclosureAuthorizedPublicDisclosureAuthorizedPublicDisclosureAuthorizedPolicyResearchWorkingPaper10572ThisstudyinvestigateshowthelandscapeofsexworkinDaresSalaam,Tanzania,evolvedinthecontextoftheCOVID-19epidemic.Usingamixed-methodsapproach,theanalysistriangulatesdatafromquantitativeandqualita-tivesourcestoquantifyshiftsinincome,demand,andclientfrequencyanddescribefemalesexworkers’perspectivesontheirworkenvironment.TheCOVID-19restrictionsintroducedinearly2020resultedindramaticdecreasesinsexworkincome,leadingtoextremefinancialvulnerabil-ity,foodinsecurity,andchallengesinmeetingotherbasicneedssuchaspayingrent.However,ina2021follow-upsurvey,sexworkersreportedthesummerof2021asakeyturningpoint,withthedemandforsexworkrebound-ingtoclosertopre-pandemiclevels.Notably,despitetheaveragenumberofuniqueweeklyclientsnotyethavingfullyrebounded,by2021thepriceperclientandthetotalmonthlysexworkincomehadreturnedtopre-pandemiclevels.Thismaypotentiallybeexplainedbyanincreasednumberofrepeatclients,whichrepresentedalargerpropor-tionofallclientsduringtheCOVID-19pandemic.ThispaperisaproductoftheDevelopmentResearchGroup,DevelopmentEconomics.ItispartofalargereffortbytheWorldBanktoprovideopenaccesstoitsresearchandmakeacontributiontodevelopmentpolicydiscussionsaroundtheworld.PolicyResearchWorkingPapersarealsopostedontheWebathttp://www.worldbank.org/prwp.Theauthorsmaybecontactedatatmbalampama@pactworld.org;ddewalque@worldbank.org;wdow@berkeley.edu;andrebeccahemono@berkeley.edu.ProducedbytheResearchSupportTeamAbstractoePolicyResearchWorkingPaperSeriesdisseminatesthelndingsofworkinprogresstoencouragetheexchangeofideasaboutdevelopmentissues.Anobjectiveoftheseriesistogetthelndingsoutquickly,evenifthepresentationsarelessthanfullypolished.oepaperscarrythenamesoftheauthorsandshouldbecitedaccordingly.oelndings,interpretations,andconclusionsexpressedinthispaperareentirelythoseoftheauthors.oeydonotnecessarilyrepresenttheviewsoftheInternationalBankforReconstructionandDevelopment/WorldBankanditsailiatedorganizations,orthoseoftheExecutiveDirectorsoftheWorldBankorthegovernmentstheyrepresent.InfluenceofCOVID-19onFemaleSexWorkersinDaresSalaam,Tanzania:AMixed-MethodsAnalysisMariannaBalampama,DamiendeWalque,WilliamH.Dow,RebeccaHémonoKeywords:Femalesexworker;COVID-19;vulnerabilityJELCodes:I12,I15,O15.Affiliations:MariannaBalampama,Independentscholar,Tanzania;DamiendeWalque,DevelopmentResearchGroup,TheWorldBank;WilliamDow,UniversityofCalifornia,BerkeleyandNBER;RebeccaHémono,UniversityofCalifornia,Berkeley.WearegratefulforfinancialsupportfromtheStrategicImpactEvaluationFund(SIEF)andKnowledgeforChangeProgram(KCP),managedbytheWorldBank.WearegratefultoKathleenBeegle,EmikoMasakiandGilShapiraforusefulcomments.WewouldliketothankPoojaSuriforexcellentres

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